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Тип работы: реферат

“NAFTA: Trumpa бkыrimo apюvalga, tikslai, reikрmл, perspektyvos”

NAFTA (The North American Free Trade Agreement) tai triрalл (1993m.) sutartis tarp JAV, Kanados ir Meksikos. Siekiant geriau suprasti jos atsiradimа, bыtina iрsiaiрkinti kai kurias aplinkybes bei visш trijш рaliш dalyvavimo derybose (dлl NAFTA sutarties) prieюastis ir tikslus.

Prieр pradedant kalbлti konkreиiai apie NAFTA, bыtina bent trumpai uюsiminti apie kitа laisvos prekybos sutartб, юinomа CUSTA pavadinimu (The Canada - U.S. Free Trade Agreement). Mat ji didele dalimi lлmл derybш dлl NAFTA eigа ir paиiа jos formа.

CUSTA sutarties (1988m.) tarp JAV ir Kanados prielaidos: = Kanados ekonomikos augimas labai priklausл (ir iki рiol smarkiai tebepriklauso) nuo prekybos. Tuo tarpu 3/4 visos Kanados prekybos yra prekyba su JAV. Taigi matome, kad JAV rinka Kanadai yra gyvybiрkai svarbi Taigi jai bыtina uюsitikrinti kiek galima laisvesnб ir saugesnб “keliа” savo prekлms б JAV ri Читать далее...

Скачать реферат Nafta бесплатно
Тип работы: реферат

Юри Черников

Вот и наступило время, когда наши производители (да и продавцы), набив шишки на местных рынках, начинают бороться за место под солнцем на богатых западных рынках сбыта. «Наши» - это не только эстонские, но и другие постсоветские производители.

Почти все проходят один и тот же путь:

- производство дешевого безымянного (No Name) товара - учимся производить;

- создание регионального брэнда - учимся продавать;

- продажа продукции на Запад на правах полуфабриката (дешевый, безымянный продукт) - присматриваемся к неизвестным рынкам;

- создание мульти-регионального брэнда - начинаем «по-взрослому» конкурировать.

Зачастую приходится выходить на новый высоко-конкурентный рынок, сразу создавая брэнд. Основная причина в том, что No Name имеет только одно преимущество - низкая цена. А в большинстве случаев всегда находится производитель (турецкий, азиатский) с еще более низкой ценой. Если же на рынок выходи Читать далее...

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Тип работы: реферат

NАNОSCІЕNCЕ АND NАNО-TЕCHNОLОGY - CRАCKІNG PRОDІGАL FАRMІNG

1.         Іntrоductіоn

Nаnо-scіеncе cоuplеd wіth nаnо-tеchnоlоgy hаs еmеrgеd аs pоssіblе cоst-cuttіng mеаsurе tо prоdіgаl fаrmіng аnd еnvіrоnmеntаl clеаn-up оpеrаtіоns. Іt hаs ushеrеd аs а nеw іntеrdіscіplіnаry fіеld by cоnvеrgіng vаrіоus scіеncе dіscіplіnеs, аnd іs hіghly rеlеvаnt tо аgrіculturаl аnd fооd systеms. Еnvіrоnmеntаl Prоtеctіоn Аgеncy оf USА dеfіnеd nаnоtеchnоlоgy аs thе undеrstаndіng аnd cоntrоl оf mаttеr аt dіmеnsіоns оf rоughly 1-100 nm, whеrе unіquе physіcаl prоpеrtіеs mаkе nоvеl аpplіcаtіоns pоssіblе. By thіs dеfіnіtіоn аll sоіl-clаys, mаny chеmіcаls dеrіvеd frоm sоіl оrgаnіc mаttеr (SОM), sеvеrаl sоіl mіcrооrgаnіsms fаll іntо thіs cаtеgоry. Аpаrt frоm nаtіvе sоіl-mаtеrіаls, mаny nеw nаnоtеch prоducts аrе еntеrіng іntо sоіl systеm, sоmе оf whіch аrе usеd fоr аgrіculturаl prоductіоn аnd sоmе оthеrs fоr mаny оthеr purpоsеs.

Nаnо-scіеncе (аlsо nаnоtеchnоlоgy) hаs fоund аppl Читать далее...

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Тип работы: курсовая работа
Contents Introduction

1.   Chapter I. Various American cuisine

1.1  Hot dogs

1.2  Hamburgers

1.3  Doughnuts

1.4  Apple pie

1.5  Potato chips

1.6  Coca-Cola

1.7  Pop- Corn

2.   Chapter II. Hospitality of Ukrainian cuisine

2.1  Overview of Ukrainian cuisine history

2.2  Cuisines of Ukraine

2.3  Preparation methods of Ukrainian cooking

2.4  Special equipment of Ukrainian cooking

2.5  Ukrainian food traditions and festivals

3.   Chapter III. Table manners

Conclusion

References

Resume

 

INTRODUCTION

Have you ever stopped to really think about what you and your family eat every day and why? Have you ever stopped to think what other people eat? In the movie Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, there are two scenes in which the two lead characters are offered meals from a different culture. One meal, meant to break the ice, consisted of i Читать далее...

Скачать реферат National features of cuisine and table manners бесплатно
Тип работы: топик

Many kinds of sport originated from England. The English have a proverb, "All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy". They do not think that play is more important than work; they think that Jack will do his work better if he plays as well. so he is encouraged to do both. Association football, or soccer is one of the most popular games in the British Isles played from late August until the beginning of May. In summer the English national sport is cricket. When the English say: "that's not cricket" it means "that's not fair", "to play the game" means "to be fair". 

Golf is Scotland's chief contribution to British sport. It is worth noting here an interesting feature of sporting life in Britain, namely, its frequently close connections with social class of the players or spectators except where a game may be said to be a "national" sport. This is the case with cricket in England which is played and watched by all classes. This is true of golf, wh Читать далее...

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Тип работы: реферат

Содержание

Структура им организация НАТО

Основные документы НАТО.

Структура и механизм принятия решении

Экономическая политика в отношении других стран

Отношения между НАТО и СССР

Агрессивная политика НАТО на Балканах

Список используемых документов и литературы.

Структура и организация НАТО

Североатлантический альянс (блок НАТО) был образован в 1949 году представителями 12 стран: Соединенные Штаты Америки, Бельгия, Канада, Дания, Франция, Исландия, Италия, Люксембург, Нидерланды, Норвегия, Португалия, Великобритания. Договор северного Атлантического Альянса, подписанный в Вашингтоне, 4 апреля 1949 года, предусматривал взаимную защиту и коллективную безопасность, первоначально против угрозы агрессии со стороны Советского Союза. США являлись организаторами этого союза, который был создан в период послевоен Читать далее...

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Тип работы: топик

Nature Protection Computers project that between now and the year of 2030 we are going to have increase of the average temperature between 1,5—4,5 Degrees C. Sea levels would rise by several metres, flooding coastal areas and ruining vast tracts of farmland. Huge areas would be infertile and become uninhabitable.

Water contamination could lead to shortages of safe drinking water. It looks like the end of civilization on the Earth. For hundreds of thousands of years the human race has thriven in Earth's environment. But now, at the end of the 20th century, we are at a crucial turning point. We have upset nature's sensitive equilibrium releasing harmful substances into the air, polluting rivers and oceans with industrial waste and tearing up the countryside to accommodate our rubbish. These are the consequences of the development of civilization. We are to stop it by joint efforts of all the people of the world.

The range of environmental problems is w Читать далее...

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Тип работы: топик

Portrait. Peter I in armourJ. M. Notier type,1720-th.

The Collection of the Central Naval Museum began with ships' models collection of Tzar Peter the Great and Model Chamber of Saint Petersburg Admiralty, which is mentioned for the first time in Peter's letter of 24 January 1709. The main goal of the Model Chamber creation was to keep transport ships and warships draughts and models, constructed at the Admiralty shipyards for the Baltic Fleet.

Admiralty Dockyard in St. Petersburg.Engraver A. Rostovtsev, 1717

Historical valuable materials and shipbuilding information were preserved in the Model Chamber. Its building was rather small for such a big collection and in 1805 a Maritime Museum was founded. Some years later engravings and pictures on marine themes in addition to draughts and ships models appeared in the Museum. But in spite of this in 1827 the Museum Читать далее...

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Тип работы: топик

"If I expect this all to be there, like a next record, or whatever, then I'm pretty much screwed."-Nelly Furtado, on the hype surrounding her debut

biography

Born and raised in Victoria, British Columbia, to parents of Portuguese descent, Nelly Furtado has always been surrounded by music. Her mother is a former church choir singer, while her father -- a fan of Portuguese music styles, known as "fado" -- sings as a pastime. Her grandfather played instruments, and even her great-uncle was a renowned Portuguese marching band score composer.

All of these family elements inspired Nelly's passion for music and a broad spectrum of musical genres at that. By the age of four, young Nelly was playing the ukulele and singing in Portuguese and English, and was the trombone player of a jazz band, concert band and marching band, from nine to eighteen. Her vocal chords and dance skills were also useful with her involvement in musical plays.

hip-ho Читать далее...

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Тип работы: топик

Plan.

1. Introduction.............................................................................. 2

2. Early years................................................................................ 2

3. Service in the Mediterranean..................................................... 4

4. Battles of Cape St. Vincent and the Nile.................................... 5

5. Blockade of Naples and battle of Copenhagen........................... 7

6. Victory at Trafalgar.................................................................. 9

7. Assessment................................................................................11

8. Bibliography............................................................................ 12

Introduction.

Nelson Horatio Nelson, Viscount Duca (duke) Di Bronte, also called (1797 - 1798) sir Horatio Nelson, or (1798 - 1801) baron Nelson of the Nile and Читать далее...

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Тип работы: топик
Great Britain between Europe and America

Sergei Golubev

Narva Humanitaargümnaasium

Year 11

Net Culture as a young culture

There’s nothing much real than the real freedom. Like a soul from the nowhere enters a body, the body like vessel transmits the soul trough it - right to the centre of cyberspace. So it's full cycle.

Christian Kirtchev

Research objectives

The main objectives of my research are to get to know what the net culture (cyberculture) really is and to observe the role of the countries which have an influence on it.

To accomplish this, the following steps will be made:

to give a concept about the net culture and its environment on the whole;

to describe the history, main trends and distinctive features of the net culture;

to reveal pluses and minuses of it, in comparison with the human culture;

to examine the ideas and opinions discussed by the pe Читать далее...

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Тип работы: реферат

Являясь мировым лидером в сфере сетевых решений любого масштаба от небольших рабочих групп до гигантских предприятий, компания Bay Networks выпускает полный спектр сетевого оборудования, способного удовлетворить любые потребности. Все оборудование, выпускаемое Bay Networks, соответствует международным стандартам и позволяет организовывать высокоэффективные сети.

Семейство продуктов NetGear включает широкий спектр оборудования для простых локальных сетей и межсетевого взаимодействия, предназначенный, в первую очередь, для небольших офисов, домашнего использования или удовлетворения быстрорастущих запросов рынка малого бизнеса, где требуются простые, надежные и недорогие устройства, такие как автономные и наращиваемые концентраторы и коммутаторы Ethernet и маршрутизаторы ISDN.

Выполненные в соответствии с требованиями к качеству продукции Bay Networks все устройства NetGear компактны, просты в установке и обслуживании, поддерживают технологию plug-and-play и досту Читать далее...

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Тип работы: реферат

Денис Кравченко

О возможностях Интернет-статистики не слышал разве что глухой и не читал разве что слепой. Ей посвящают статьи, о ней судачат на форумах и чатах. И этот феномен глобальной заинтересованности легко объясним: в мире веб-сетей Интернет-статистика является основным инструментом, позволяющим собирать в видимые и почти реальные блоки всю информацию о виртуальных посетителях. Цифры становятся нашими глазами и нашими руками, ложатся в основу планирования, контроля и развития любого Интернет-проекта. Других способов ориентироваться в безграничном море Интернета у нас просто нет

Невозможность игнорировать эту аксиому современной жизни ведет к фактически вынужденной заинтересованности каждого владельца или разработчика веб-сайта в статистических данных. И вполне понятно, что данная потребность формирует и развивает соответствующий сервис статистических услуг. Если говорить о Рунете, то до настоящего времени подобный сервис был реализован в виде пов Читать далее...

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Тип работы: реферат

Мартин Куппингер

В середине марта Novell начала поставки Open Enterprise Server (OES) — первой системы NetWare, которая может работать и на Linux. В OES реализовано большинство функций NetWare, однако некоторые недостатки еще предстоит устранить.

Еще в 2003 г. Novell выпустила на рынок Novell Nterprise Linux Services (NNLS) предшественника Open Enterprise Server — тогда только для Red Hat и SuSE Linux. В отличие от этого, OES частично базируется на NetWare 6.5 с пакетом поддержки Support Pack 3 и SuSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 (SLES). В комплект поставки входят оба варианта инсталляции, другие системные платформы OES не поддерживает. Учитывая, что Novell приобрела компанию SuSE, удивляться этому не приходится.

Независимость от платформы как принцип

Впрочем, движение в сторону независимых от платформы сетевых услуг началось задолго до NNLS. Фактически NNLS представляли собой пакет служб Novell, которые уже тогда работали на Linux. Эти службы, к Читать далее...

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Тип работы: статья

Tkachenko A.E., student, Gavrilenko B.V., Ph.D., Ass.Prof.

Donetsk national technical university

One of the most actual problem of power engineering nowadays is the problem of rational use of energetic resources of our planet. It includes search of alternative heat-carrying agents and also the development of new more effective methods of exploitation of existing ones. The solution of this problem is very important because of critical situation in fuel & energetic industry of Ukraine. The cause of such unfavorable conditions is the deficit of all kinds of fuel, great decrease of the coal production volume and essential deterioration of the quality of extract coal for the last 20 years (ash content of coal run up to 35%).

The solution of this problem is necessary to look for in involving into industry exploitation new power resources, which have not been accounted in fuel and energy balance of the country until now and also the development oh the Читать далее...

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Тип работы: статья

V.D. Chukhlomin, T.P. Roudenko, Omsk State University, Department of Commerce,

A transition to the market economy under conditions of a prolonged economic crisis and the demolition of the totalitarian system have quite a significant influence on the system of specialists training, in general, and the system of higher learning, in particular. In its turn, reformation mood amidst higher educational institutions staff has to a great extent cleared the way for perestroika and transition to the market economy: a number of University faculty members found themselves among the political and economic leaders of the end of the 80s and the beginning of the 90s.

It seemed natural that the first Decree of President Yeltsin was a famous Decree on Education which enunciated a leading role of the system of education in social development. However, the results of these reforms within the first four years look discouraging, if not catastrophic for the Russian system of Читать далее...

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Тип работы: топик

New Year is the principal winter holiday, as opposed to Christmas. It is universally recognized as such by both secular and religious people. Whereas New Year is mostly an occasion merely for parties and drinking in the West, most of the traditions associated with Christmas fall on New Year in Russia. The welcoming of the new year is considered the most significant occasion of the winter.

The New Year's tree is identical to a Christmas tree in the West. It is decorated in the same way, with ornaments, lights and garland. Stars are usually perched atop the tree rather than angels, and ornaments of a religious nature as well as nativity scenes are notably absent.

Folklore holds that Ded Moroz ("Grandfather Frost") is charged with the responsibility for delivering presents on New Year's Eve. He is a large, bearded and grandfatherly man resembling Santa Claus, although he has no saintly identity, nor sleigh nor reindeer. He is sometimes said to be dres Читать далее...

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Тип работы: топик

New York City isn’t the capital of USA and it isn’t the capital of New York State, but  residents of the “Big Apple” considering their city the capital of the globe. It is because  New York is the home of the United Nations and the largest investment market in the  world.

When first immigrants came to this land, they bought Manhattan Island for $24 from  local Indians. Then they founded there a first colony and now when people in New York  talking about New Yorkers they usually talk about people, who live on Manhattan.  New York has five boroughs: Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, Staten Island, and the  Bronx. The Bronx is famous for a zoo, which is situated there.  Manhattan is the center of New York City. Near 1 million people live here, but over  than 5 million come here to work from all parts of the city every day. The main street,  Broadway, is also here. And there are a lot of other famous streets which known  nationwide. Wall Street is famous for finance. Читать далее...

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Capital of USA

New York city and port located at the mouth of the Hudson River, southeastern New York state, northeastern U.S. New York City is the centre of the largest urban agglomeration in the United States. It occupies Manhattan and Staten islands, the western end of Long Island, a portion of the mainland, and various islands in New York Harbor and Long Island Sound. Its urban area extends into neighbouring parts of New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut.

New York City is an ethnic melting pot where the most dramatic cultural contrasts are commonplace. It is among the most geographically and demographically complex of world cities, its economy one of the most diverse, and its cultural scene among the richest and most variegated.

A brief treatment of New York City follows. For full treatment, see New York City.

The city consists of five boroughs (Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, the Bronx, and Staten Island [formerly Richmond]), which cor Читать далее...

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Тип работы: топик

What is the name of the country which has volcanoes and rivers of ice, deer and sea-elephants?

It is New Zealand, called the Land of the Long White Cloud by the Maoris.

New Zealand is an island country. It is made up of three islands: the North and South Islands and Steward Island, a small land mass just to the south of (he South Island. Most of its people live in North Island, and that is where you find big volcanoes like Egmont and Tongariro and the boiling pools and geysers and lakes of bubbling mud. Auckland, Christ church and Wellington are the biggest cities. Wellington is the capital.

South Island is larger than North Island and has the highest mountains. There you can find the snow-capped Southern Alps, rising 3.764 metres to the tip of Mount Cook (named after Captain Cook, of course, because he visited the islands before sailing on westwards and discovering the eastern coast of Australia).

***

South Island is very beautiful with Читать далее...

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Тип работы: топик

is a very interesting country. It has got total area of 269,000 square kilometres. It is situated to south-east of Australia in the Pacific Ocean. It consists of two main islands (North Island and South Island) and some smaller ones. Nearly 3.5 million people live in the country. The capital of New Zealand is Wellington. It is a financial centre too. The city was founded in 1840 and has been the capital since 1865. The official language is English.

The climate of New Zealand is moist. New Zealand is rich in minerals. There are some main industries in the country, for example, iron and steel industry. The country has gas and petroleum. There are many mountains in New Zealand. The highest is Mount Cook (3,764 metres or 12,349 feet).

There are many rivers and lakes in the country. The chief rivers are the Waikato and the Wairu. You have heard about the native animals in the country. One of them is the kiwi. This interesting bird lives in the wet parts of t Читать далее...

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Тип работы: топик

Kudruküla 13-1

Narva-Jõesuu 29022

Ida-Virumaa, Estonia

27 September, 2002

Karja 18V-17

Narva-Jõesuu 29021

Ida-Virumaa, Estonia

Dear Dan,

Thank you for the letter that you have written to me last week. It was the best of you. There you have uncovered a subject about newspapers, and have said that it is almost impossible to imagine our life without them. I can completely agree with you. You’ve asked me to express my opinion on liked press and in general on the topic of it. Of course I decided to write some lines to my friend.

I’d like to tell you about the newspapers my family and I subscribe to regularly. I appeal to the “День за днём”, one of the most popular Russian papers in Estonia. It is delivered to our home weekly, and as far as I know its circulation is nearly 70 thousand copies. The paper contains 50 pages and covers the most important local and international events. The Читать далее...

Скачать реферат Newspaper бесплатно
Тип работы: топик

The newspaper printing is a rather unusual activity since each day the newspaper material is prepared anew. Newspaper includes editorial board work the following functions: getting the right news, writing it in the form of an article, selection of the best items for the print, and desplaying the selected copy in the paper.

All these tasks are performed by journalists, editors and rewrite men, photographers and makeup editors responsible for the issue of the paper.

Thus, the newspaper reporting starts with collecting information for the paper. However, journalism does not stop here. Newspapers and magazines publish a great deal of stories, not only news items or political stories, for example, stories of humourous or some other type. Such essay-type articles may be called human interest stories. Besides, newpapers carry many items on sports, personalities of today as well as stories on science, art and technology. Rather popular are also the reports abou Читать далее...

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Тип работы: топик

My family and me are fond of reading newspapers. At our flat you can always find very much different magazines and newspapers lying everywhere. There are political, economical, informational, reading for mind and other newspapers and magazines about all spheres of life. We don’t like to eject old magazines because there is always interesting and useful information that one-day can be used.

Nowadays we don’t subscribe to any newspapers or magazines. Some years ago we subscribed to some newspapers, for example “Moscovsky komsomolets”. It is, I think, the most popular newspaper at russian people. It deserved its fame as a newspaper, which writes about actual things about our politics and pop stars. For first time journalists were trying to write only truth but after some years reading it we understood that “Komsomolka” is classified as “yellow press”. The concept “yellow press” was led in America in 20 –Th years of our century and means a kind of press which Читать далее...

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