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Тип работы: реферат
Les drogues dans l'histoire: rien de nouveau sous le soleil !

L'ingestion de drogues dites psychotropes est un phйnomиne trиs rйpandu dans notre civilisation moderne. Ce phйnomиne n'est pas nouveau. De multiples tйmoignages prouvent que cette pratique existe depuis l'Antiquitй, sous diverses formes et dans les cultures les plus diverses. En Occident, jusque dans les annйes 60, l'ingestion de certaines drogues йtait rйservй aux milieux plutфt marginaux.

Le plus ancien tйmoignage concernant les drogues dites hallucinogиnes remonte а 2737 av. J.-C. L'empereur chinois Shen Nang montre son grand savoir sur le cannabis et ses propriйtйs dans un livre consacrй а la pharmacologie. Dйjа а cette йpoque, l'usage de cette drogue trouble les moralistes chinois. Le cannabis est considйrй par plusieurs comme le "libйrateur du pйchй" et par d'autres comme "celui qui apporte la joie”.En Inde, les prкtres attribuent une origine divine au chanvre qui proviendrait d Читать далее...

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Тип работы: топик

L`agriculture occupe une place importante dans l`economie francaise. Les deux

prinsipales cultures sont le ble et la vigne. Quand on quitte Paris  pour aller vers le nord jusqu`a la Belgique, vers le sud jusqu`a

Orleans, vers l`est ou vers l`ouest on voit d`immenses champs  de ble.

 Toute cette grande plaine qui entoure la region parasienne  est le

veritable grenier de la France, ce pendant on cultive le ble dans

 bien d`autres region. La France fournit les produits les plus divers:

cereales, pommes de terre, legumes, fruits, vigne, tabac, etc. C`est

egalement le pays d` elevage, la peche est pratiquee sur toutes les cotes.

Quant a l`industrie, la France est un pays les plus developpes de l`Europe.

Elle est a la premiere place en Europe occidentale dans l`exstraction des

mineraux de fer et des bauxites. C`est un pays de fabriques, de mines, Читать далее...

Скачать реферат La France est un pays a la fois agricole et industriel. бесплатно
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Portrait of Mona Lisa (1479-1528), also known as La Gioconda, the wife of Francesco del Giocondo; 1503-06 (150 Kb); Oil on wood, 77 x 53 cm (30 x 20 7/8 in); Musee du Louvre, Paris

This figure of a woman, dressed in the Florentine fashion of her day and seated in a visionary, mountainous landscape, is a remarkable instance of Leonardo's sfumato technique of soft, heavily shaded modeling. The Mona Lisa's enigmatic expression, which seems both alluring and aloof, has given the portrait universal fame.

Reams have been written about this small masterpiece by Leonardo, and the gentle woman who is its subject has been adapted in turn as an aesthetic, philosophical and advertising symbol, entering eventually into the irreverent parodies of the Dada and Surrealist artists. The history of the panel has been much discussed, although it remains in part uncertain. According to Vasari, the subject is a young Florentine woman, Monna (or Mona) Lisa, who in 1495 ma Читать далее...

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Тип работы: реферат

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Labour productivity

(essay)

Abstract

 

The analysis in this paper dismisses the notion of a genuine trade-off between employment and productivity growth. Obviously, misguided policies to exploit such a trade-off have to be avoided. However, there are no reasons to think that structural labour market reforms boosting employment will typically entail negative implications for longer-term productivity growth. The dynamic response of productivity to positive labour supply and wage shocks may entail a temporary reduction in productivity growth rates, which, in principle could be considered as benign; anyway, the size of a negative effect of this type is estimated to be fairly small. In particular, this paper reaches the following conclusions: (i) The increase in employment since the mid 90s has indeed been to a significan Читать далее...

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Тип работы: реферат

МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ

ФЕДЕРАЛЬНОЕ АГЕНТСТВО ПО ОБРАЗОВАНИЮ

ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОЕ ОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНОЕ УЧРЕЖДЕНИЕ ВЫСШЕГО ПРОФЕССИОНАЛЬНОГО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ

Реферат

По курсу «История и методология информатики и вычислительной техники»

на тему:

«LabVIEW. Возможности и перспективы развития»

2009

Содержание

Введение. 3

Виртуальный прибор. 9

Программный комплекс LabVIEW... 10

Программирование, основанное на потоках данных. 10

Достоинства LabVIEW... 12

Широта применения. 14

Расширяющийся мир виртуальных приборов. 15

Сопутствующие продукты и технологии. 16

Версии программного обеспечения. 17

Дополнительные модули и тулкиты к LabVIEW. 18

Библиотеки и Toolkit для анализа и обработки данных. 19

Средства профессиональной разработки приложений. 20

Расширение возможностей LabVIEW... 20

Средства обмена данными с продуктам Читать далее...

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Тип работы: реферат

Pдrnu Sьtevaka Humanitaargьmnaasium

Saksamaa lahingulaevad

Aastatцц

Roman Belogurov

Secunda loodus

Juhataja: Rainer Saks

Pдrnu 1999

Saksamaast

Vastavalt Versilles’ lepingu otsusele anti suurem osa Saksamaa 1 maailmasхja aegsest laevastikust ьle vхitjariikidele. Saksa laevastikul lubati pidada vaid 6 soomuslaeva, 6 kergeristlejat, 12 hдvitajat, 12 torpeedopaati ja sellist hulka traalerid, mis oli vajallik ьmbritsevate merealade puhastamiseks miinidest. Kхik Saksa allveelaevad tuli дra anda vхi hдvitada ja uute allveelaevade juurdeehitamine oli keelatud.

Sakslased jдtsid tхepoolest esialgu alles kuus soomuslaeva. Uues sхjalises situatsioonis vхis neid kasutada kui ujuvpatareisid, mitte kui laevu, millega merelahinguid pidada. Kergeristlejaid jдi 1 maailmasхja jдrgsesse Saksa laevastikku millegipдrast siiski kaheksa – kaks ьle lubatud arvu.

2 maailmasхja alguseks oli eelnimetatud laevadest alles ve Читать далее...

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Тип работы: доклад

In the midth of a thinly populated wildness lies the foremost natural wonder - lake Baikal. It’s the oldest lake in the world - its age is about 25-30 million years. Scientists estimated that more than 1500 life forms live in and around this lake, which can be found nowhere else on Earth. It’s the world's largest reservoir of drinking water. It occupies the territory of 12000 m2 and 400 km long. It contains 1/6 of fresh water found on the planet and in spite of the vast pollution by the nearby industry the most of it still remains unspoilt. About 30 uninhabited isles are scattered throughout the  lake.

Most of the coastline lies in an environmentally protected area.

The most numerous of the indigenous people are Buryats. They has been living here from untold centuries, even before Yanguis Khan swept through during the early XIII century.

A feeling of tranquillity settles over the coastal village in long summer afternoons. A vehicle driving along the vi Читать далее...

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Тип работы: доклад
Общая характеристика

Фирма IBM существенно улучшила свою серверную операционную систему LAN Server в последней версии 4.0. Упрощенная процедура установки этой системы по удобству сравнима с процедурой установки Windows NT Server в экспресс-режиме. LAN Server 4.0 удачно использует объектно-ориентированный интерфейс OS/2 для создания мощного набора графических средств администратора.

Производительность LAN Server 4.0 при работе с файлами и средствами сетевой печати при средних нагрузках значительно повысилась. LAN Server 4.0 может работать с новой версией OS/2 2.11, поддерживающей симметричное мультипроцессирование, что обеспечивает его хорошую масштабируемость. В тестах, проведенных сотрудниками PC Magazine Labs, версия OS/2 2.11 for SMP превзошла по производительности SCO Open Server в системах с 3 или 4 процессорами при большой нагрузке более чем в 1.5 раза (хотя и уступила Windows NT Server 3.5 при тех же условиях на 15% - 20%). Версия OS/2 2.11 for SMP по прежнему Читать далее...

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Тип работы: топик

Somewhat smaller than Oregon, is a mountainous Southeast Asia country ruled by communists. The population of this little country is about 3 and a half million people.

One of the poorest and most underdeveloped nations of the world, Laos depends on aid from other countries to import the food and other goods its people need to survive. Most of the people are rice farmers. Few can read and write.

Over 80  percent of the country is rugged jungle terrain. The main river is Mekong River-the system of irrigate.

Now i'd like to tell you about the history of Laos. First Laotian territory was the seat of the Buddhist kingdom of Lan Xang, founded in 1353 by King Fa Ngum. Laos was invided by France in 1893 and by Japanese forces in 1941. During the World War II King Sisavang Vong proclaimed himself king of all Laos.

A new coalition government under Premier Souvanna Phouma that included 5 members of the communist Pathet Lao was sworn in on April 5, Читать далее...

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Juvenile delinquency is not a new invention; it is old as time. Socrates is alleged to have observe: ”The children now love luxury. They have bad manners, contempt for authority; they show disrespect for elders love chatter in place of exercise. They no longer rise when their elders enter the room. They contradict their parents. Chatter before company. Gobble up dainties at the table, and tyrannize over their teachers.”

History also suggest that the separation of juvenile and adult offenders dates back almost 2500 years, as early as fifth century B.C. under Roman Law. The Twelve Tables of Roman Law, for example, made the theft of crops, when perpetrated at night a capital crime. An offender under the age of puberty, however, was usually fined and, on some occasions, flogged. Thus, as far back as 451 B.C., juvenile crimes existed. Although juvenile delinquency has a long history, youthful crime is now so alarming in extent and kind that we mus Читать далее...

Скачать реферат Law Enforcement and the Youthful Offender бесплатно
Тип работы: реферат

Министерство образования РФ

КУБАНСКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ

ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ

Кафедра иностранных языков

Доклад по французскому языку.

Тема: «Le ble et ses caracterisques».

Выполнила студентка

гр. 03-ТХ-11

Бредюк Любовь

Руководитель

заведующая кафедрой ин.яз.

доцент Штатская Т.В.

г. Краснодар, 2004 год

Table des matieres

Donnees biologiques...........................................................................................1

Donees cultura Читать далее...

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Тип работы: сочинение

C’est un des plus grund etats europeens qui a 551600(si cun mill) km de superficie. Le forme de la France resemble a un hexagone regulier.Au nord les cotes francaises donnent sur la mer du Nord et La Manche.A l’ouest la France est baignee par l’ocean Atlantique et au sud par laMediterranee.La France est limitrophe avec la Belgique,le Lexembourg,l’Allmagne,la Suisse,l’Italie.

 Le France est arrosee par quatre grand fleuve:la Seine,la Loire et la Garrone qui jettent dans locean Atlantique et le Rhone qui jette dans la Mediterranee.

Le Alps et les Pyrenees sont les plus hautes montagnes de pays. Les touristes admirent leur paysages.L’air de montagne est pur et calme.

Le France est un pays maritime. Par ses climates,il unit trois grands tupes de climat de l’Europe:ceanique,mediterraneen,contental.

La sitation geografique de la France est avantageuse pour le commerece avec louest et avec la majorite des pays europeens et africains

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Тип работы: реферат

УПРАВЛЕНИЕ РАЗВИТИЕМ ПЕРСОНАЛА

Реферат на тему:

“LEADERSHIP GAP - ИНСТРУМЕНТ ДЛЯ СОЗДАНИЯ ЛИДЕРОВ БУДУЩЕГО”

Содержание

Введение

Этап 1. Определение компетенций, критически важных для успеха руководителя в будущем

Этап 2. Оценка текущего состояния развития компетенций

Этап 3. Определение набора компетенций с максимальным дефицитом

Этап 4. Устранение дефицита компетенций для успешности в будущем

Введение

От своих клиентов мы часто слышим, что таланты, которыми они обладают, не способны обеспечить их процветание в будущем. Инвестируя все больше и больше средств в привлечение, отбор и развитие талантов, организации по-прежнему не уверены, что именно таким образом должен формироваться человеческий потенциал для будущего развития и роста компании.

Многие хотят получить ответы на вопросы, связанные с определением наиважнейших компетенций и навыков для обеспечения успеха руководителя в будущем; с тем, к Читать далее...

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Тип работы: топик
Introduction

In the beginning of this report it would be essential to say what leadership is and its history. According to James MacGregor Burns, “leadership is one of the most observed and least understood phenomena on earth” (http://www.emeraldinsight.com).

The study of leadership has been important to humans since the dawn of the civilization. The concepts of leadership, leader, and follower are represented in Egyptian hieroglyphics written 5000 years ago. Between 400 and 300BC the Greek philosophers Plato and Aristotle wrote about leadership and the requirements, characteristics, and education of leaders (http://www.emeraldinsight.com).

Leadership is central to the human condition (Wren, 1995) and has been found to be important to all societies, although specific patterns of behavior vary over time and across cultures (Bass, 1990)(http://www.emeraldinsight.com).

Although we can see that leadership is being an ancient notion Читать далее...

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Foreign languages are absolutely necessary for us nowadays because of our growing international contacts with all the countries of the world.

There are many reasons why we begin to study foreign language. One of them is to be able to communicate with other people who use this language. We may be planning to travel in one or two countries where the language is spoken. If we know the language of a foreign country, we can talk to its people and understand what they are saying to us. If we are working in any branch of science, we naturally wish to read scientific books and magazines in other languages. Making business nowadays also means knowing foreign languages because of the growing international business contacts. Knowing foreign languages helps people of different countries to develop mutual friendship and understanding. We can also make our intellectual and cultural horizons wider through contacts with people of another culture. It is also very interesting to Читать далее...

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The great German poet Goethe once said: «He who know no foreign language does not know his own one. Learning foreign languages is specially important nowadays. Some people learn foreign languages because they need them in their work, others travel abroad, for the third studying languages is a hobby.

Every year thousands of people from Russia go to different countries as tourists or to work. They can not go without knowing the language of the country they are going to. A modern engineer or even a worker can not work with an imported instrument or a machine if he is not able to read the instruction how to do it. Ordinary people need language to translation the instruction or the manual to the washing-machine or a vacuum-cleaner, medicine or even food-products.

Some people are as a rule polyglots. Historians diplomats need some languages for their work. If you want to be a classified specialist you must learn English, the language of international communicat Читать далее...

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Is it necessary to learn foreign languages nowadays? You can just go to the shop and buy an electronic translator. But is it capable of giving you really required information? More and more people come to a thought that electronic machine never will be able to replace human's brain. All over the world people are learning foreign languages. Everybody knows his own language, but another one is very useful. It is important to know it when we travel to other countries or when we must read foreign literature in the original. It is necessary in the 21st century when international cooperation is sat its highest level.

There are more than 2700 languages in the world and some of them are international ones.

English, for example is spoken not only in the British Isles and the USA, but also in other parts of the world. It is considered to be the international language by plenty of world systems and associations.

About 250 million people speak it as their Читать далее...

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Language is the means of communication. The most common way of expressing an idea for people is to say it out loud. Language enables people to understand each other. At the same moment language can be a major barrier to understanding because there are thousands of different languages on our planet. From the earliest time, with the development of trade and exchange of ideas and techniques people saw the necessity of learning foreign languages. Egyptian pharaohs had scribes and interpreters at their disposal.

A language that is used as a means of communication by people of different nations is called international. International language helps people of different nations to understand each other. Different epochs had different international languages. As a rule the existence of the language as an international one is determined by political, cultural and economic development of the country which language is spoken as international.

International language i Читать далее...

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The City of Leeds

Leeds is a prosperous, commercial, industrial and manufacturing city, and is also the cultural and sporting centre for much of the region. In the City Centre, modern offices have developed alongside fine old buildings like the Town Hall and the Corn Exchange. Impressive new shopping precincts complement traditional Victorian arcades, and have created a fine regional shopping centre. Leeds is a 'green' city, proud of its parks and open spaces, including Woodhouse Moor, close to the University and Roundhay Park and the Temple Newsam estate near the City Centre.

Visitors to Leeds are impressed by the range of different leisure facilities. There are lively audiences for all kinds of films, concerts and plays. There is a thriving local music scene covering everything from soul and reggae to jazz and folk. Leeds has a rich musical tradition. Each year a full programme of symphony concerts and chamber music is arranged in the Town Ha Читать далее...

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Тип работы: доклад

Шеберстова Т.Б., ассистент кафедры гражданского права, процесса и основ предпринимательской деятельности ИвГУ

Active interaction of Russia with countries of the world community raised a wide range of issues concerning international business activities. Foreign and multinational corporations as well as domestic companies are involved in international deals all over the world. With rapid growth of international business transactions and, consequently, international commercial disputes, the problems of legal translating acquired vital importance.

Nowadays the English language has become the language of choice for conducting an international business. In addition, the English language has become prominent as the operational language of many law firms and multinational corporations. Thus, interest in studying English legal terminology and legal translating has recently grown up. In this context, the article reviews general peculiarities of legal terms and fo Читать далее...

Скачать реферат Legal and linguistic aspects of translating english legal terminology бесплатно
Тип работы: доклад

Legio XIII Gemina был сформирован Октавианом Августом в 41 г. до н.э. Легион принимал участие в кампании против Секста Помпея, участвовал в решающей битве против Марка Антония при Акции в 31 г до н.э. После битвы при Акции Октавиан Август произвел реформу римской армии. Именно тогда XIII легион получил название Gemina ("близнецы"), т.к. был сформирован из нескольких военных единиц. Символом 13 легиона стал лев.

В 30-16 гг до н.э. основным лагерем legio XIII Gemina являлся Бурнум (совр. Кистенье на Адриатическом побережье Хорватии). В период кампании Тиберия по захвату альпийских областей легион был переведен в (совр.Любляна в Словении). С 6 по 9 г н.э. легион был частью большой римской армии, собранной для подавления восстания в Паннонии и Иллирии.

В 9 г. германские племена уничтожили 3 римских легиона под командованием Вара. Legio XIII Gemina покинул Эмону и был перебазирован в Августу Винделику (совр. Аугсбург в Германии) для того чтобы заменить легион, пере Читать далее...

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Тип работы: топик

 (b. May 8, 1837, Dijon, Fr.--d. Dec. 8, 1911, Watford, Hertfordshire, Eng.)

French-born British painter, etcher, and sculptor, now remembered chiefly for his graphics on macabre and fantastic themes. An excellent draftsman, he taught in London, revitalizing British drawing and printmaking during a period of low ebb.

[Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1994]

After a penurious youth, when he studied under Lecoq de Boisbaudran, he had some considerable success at the Salon, and several of his works were bought by the state. In 1863, however, he participated in the Salon des Refusйs, partly under the influence of his friend Whistler. He came to London in the same year and taught first at the South Kensington School of Fine Art and then at the Slade, where he exerted a great influence on those artists who were to become the nucleus of the New English Art Club. Although he could in no way be thought of as an Impressionist, on the invitation of Degas he part Читать далее...

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Seit der Gründung ist Leipzig wegen seiner günstigen Lage ein Handelsplatz zwischen Ost und West. Jetzt hat Leipzig schon die Bedeutung einer der größten Messestädte verloren, aber früher war es wirklich eine bedeutende Messestadt. Zweimal im Jahr, im Frühling und im Herbst, kamen Kaufleute in dieser Handelsmetropole der Welt zusammen, um zu kaufen oder verkaufen und das Neueste aus allen Wirtschaftszweigen zu erfahren. Bereits im 12.Jahrhundert wurden in Leipzig Messen durchgeführt, aber damals hießen sie noch Jahrmärkte. In dieser Stadt wird noch eine Urkunde sorgfältig aufbewahrt. In ihr heißt es, daß Leipzig das Stadtrecht erhält, weil dort Märkte durchgeführt wurden.

Diese Märkte wurden größer und größer. In Leipzig trafen sich Kaufleute sowohl aus Europa, als auch aus dem Orient. Auf großen Pferdewagen brachten sie ihre Waren mit, die sie ent Читать далее...

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Schools provide American students with much more than academic education. Students learn about the world through various school-related activities. More than 80 percent of all students participate in student activities, such as sports, student newspapers, drama clubs, debate teams, choral groups and bands.

What are the favorite sports of American young people? According to the survey "The Mood of American Youth," they prefer football, basketball, baseball, wrestling, tennis, soccer, boxing, hockey, track and golf.

During their leisure time, students spend much time watching television. They also listen to music on the radio and tape players. The average American teenager listens to music on the radio about three hours every day. Without a doubt, rock-and-roll music is the favorite of teenagers in the United States.

America's young people are mostly hardworking. Many have after-school jobs. One poll indicated that nine out of 10 teenagers polle Читать далее...

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