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Тип работы: топик

In 1180 a civil war broke out between two military clans, the Taira and the Minamoto; five years later the Minamoto emerged victorious and established a de facto seat of government at the seaside village of Kamakura, where it remained until 1333. With the of power from the nobility to the warrior class, the arts had to satisfy a new audience: soldiers, men devoted to the skills of warfare; priests committed to making Buddhism available to illiterate commoners; and conservatives, the nobility and some members of the priesthood who regretted the declining power of the court. Thus, realism, a popularizing trend, and a classical revival characterize the art of the Kamakura period.


The Kei school of sculptors, particularly Unkei, created a new, more realistic style of sculpture. The two Nio guardian images (1203) in the Great South Gate of the Todai-ji in Nara illustrate Unkei's dynamic suprarealistic style. The images, about 8 m (about 26 ft) tall, were Читать далее...

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Black is like the silence of the body after death, the close of life.

-- Wassily Kandinsky, 1911

Kandinsky, Wassily, Russian in full VASILY VASILYEVICH KANDINSKY (b. Dec. 4 [Dec. 16, New Style], 1866, Moscow, Russia--d. Dec. 13, 1944, Neuilly-sur-Seine, Fr.), Russian-born artist, one of the first creators of pure ab straction in modern painting. After successful avant-garde exhibitions, he founded the influential Munich group Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider; 1911-14) and began completely abstract painting. His forms evolved from fluid and organic to geometric and, finally, to pictographic ( e.g., Tempered Йlan, 1944).

Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1994

Kandinsky, himself an accomplished musician, once said Color is the keyboard, the eyes are the harmonies, the soul is the piano with many strings. The artist is the hand that plays, touching one key or another, to cause vibrations in the soul. The concept that color and musical harmony a Читать далее...

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1.Kasimir Malewitsch


-Seine Werke

2.Sein Suprematismus



3. Schlusswort

4. Literaturnachweis

1.Kasimir Malewitsch


Im zweiten Jahrzehnt des 20. Jahrhunderts war Russland gleichsam ein Treibhaus moderner Kunstrichtungen. Leider dauerte diese schцpferische Periode nicht lange. Nach der Verkьndung der Neuen Politik im Jahre 1921 wurde die abstrakte Malerei sehr streng unterdrьckt. Viele russische Kьnstler wie beispielweise Wassily Kandinsky, Marc Chagall, Naum Gabo oder Antoine Pevsner verliessen daraufhin das Land; einige aber beschlossen zu bleiben, darunter auch Kasimir Malewitsch, der Begrьnder des Suprematismus.

Er war der Erfinder und bedeutendster Vertreter des von ihm so genannten Suprematismus. Der Name war abgleitet vom lateinischen "supremus", das Hцchste, das fьr i Читать далее...

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Тип работы: сочинение

  K.Kalinovsky was born in 1838 on the 21-st of January  not  far

from Grodno in Belarus. His parents were not rich. There were  18

children in the family. Kalinovsky's mother  Veronica  Rybinskaya

died early and the elder brother, Victor,  a  student  of  Moscow

University, took care of Kastus. In 1855 Kastus graduated from  a

secondary school in Svisloch and entered Moscow  University.  But

in 1856 he changed his mind and became a student of St.Petersburg

University. There  Kalinovsky  met  Russian  democrats  Belynsky,

Chernyshevsky, Dobrolubov. He shared  their  ideas  and  followed

them. In 1861 K.Kalinovsky came  back  to  Belarus.  He  took  an

active part in organizing the uprising of  1863  in  Belarus  and

Lithuania. But the tsarist army dispersed the uprising.  In  1864

Kastus Kalinovsky was arrested and hanged as the learder  of  the

uprising. He fought for  national  Читать далее...

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is a sovereign state. In December 1991 Kazakhstan declared its independence. Kazak government pursues the policy of friendship and national accord. Historically Kazakhstan has developed as a multinational state. According to the constitution adopted in 1995 every nationality can develop its culture in Kazakhstan. All people of Kazakhstan have equal rights and duties. Both industry and agriculture are developing here. Nowadays many private firms and joint ventures appear. Kazakhstan has established diplomatic relations with seventy countries of the world. President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev is highly respected not only in this country but abroad as well because he is an honest and intelligent statesman.

The most important industrial centres are Karaganda, Pavlodar, Zhezkazgan, Taraz. Our country is rich in mineral resources and minerals. Copper, iron, zinc, lead, coal are mined in Kazakhstan. Now the aim of independent Kazakhstan is to become the countr Читать далее...

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I you want to feel fit you’d better go in for one kind of sport or another. I should admit that everyone must do all he can to be healthy. Good health is better than the best medicine. «You have a sound mind in a sound body» as the old Latin saying goes. The English proverb «Sickness in the body brings sickness to the mind» expresses a similar idea but from different point of view. All kinds of physical exercises are very useful to make our bodies strong and to keep ourselves fit and healthy. To tell the truth I don’t do sports regularly and it is not an essential part of my daily life. In the morning I do some exercises just to awake. Then some aerobics for myself. It puts me into the fine moods. In summer I go swimming as there is a beautiful river with pure water where my Granny lives. In winter, it’s rather long at our place, I should say, I prefer skiing (There is nothing like the sight of a winter forest - a real fairy-tale). I like to ride the bike and toboganning Читать далее...

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The fitness boom of the past decades led to a big rise in the numbers of people participating in sports and activities. Those who pursue the latest fitness fashion are convinced that staying in good physical form requires much more than regular exercise and balanced meals. For anyone who really wants to be healthy, fitness has become an integral part of their lives. A lot of health and fitness clubs, and public leisure centres that were created in many countries indicate the popularity of sports during the past thirty years. These centres with their swimming pools, sunshine beach, water slides, and tropical plants and gyms are very popular among the people. Families can spend their holidays at huge indoor water parks. In such places everybody will have much fun.

There are many opportunities for keeping fit. First of all it is necessary to do exercises. People of different ages can design exercises that will fit them. Running, jumping, swimming, bending and stret Читать далее...

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Khefren was the son of Kheops and Henutsen, and thus the half-brother of his predecessor, Djedefre. He was married with his (half ?) sister Khamernebti I, with whom he had a son, Mykerinos, and a daughter, Khamernebeti II. He was also married to Meresankh III, a daughter of Kawab and Hetepheres II, with whom he had at least four sons: Nebemakhet, Niuserre, Khenterka and Duaenre, and one daughter, Shepsestkau. Other sons of Khefren’s were Nikawre and Sekhemkare, but it is not known who their mothers were.

It is not known why Djedefre was succeeded by his half-brother Khefren and not by his own son, Setka. It is sometimes suggested that Khefren pushed aside Setka, but it is equally possible that at Djedefre’s death, none of his sons had survived and that Khefren was the oldest surviving male descendant of Kheops. His marriage to Meresankh III, a granddaughter of Kheops, was probably meant as a further legitimisation of his claims to the throne.

The Turin Читать далее...

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Tallinna Pedagoogikaьlikool



Kierkegaard`i lдhenemine inimese olemusele ja kasvatusele

Хppejхud: S.Kera

Anna Pomm




Kхik, mida Kierkegaard filosoofina pakub, leidub ka eespool vaadedud esteetilis-filosoofilises loomingus. Kierkegaard kхigest hoolimata on tahtnud olla ikka esmajoones usuline aatleja, kelle filosoofiagi on seisnud kristluse tхdede ja nende enama teadvusse-tхstmise teenistuses. Selles mхttes vхime nдha kogu ta filosoofilist loomingut hargnevat protestiva kriitikana kaasaja filosoofiliste moevoolude vastu - kuna need tema arvates osutusid ohtlikuks kristluse eluvддrtustele.

Arvamine, et Kierkegaard on filosoof ainult niivхrd, kuivхrd ta rьndab Hegelit, on seda silmas pidades pдris tabav iseloomustus. Hegeli dialektilist meetodit eitades vastandas Kierkegaard talle sokraatilise dial Читать далее...

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Kiev is the capital of our country. It is the largest city in Ukraine. More than three million people live there.

Kiev was founded more than 1500 years ago. It is the political, economic, industrial and cultural centre of our country.

There are many factories in Kiev. They make different products.

In Kiev there are many museums, monuments, theatres, cinemas, libraries and palaces. Thousand of students study at Kiev-Mohila academy, at Kiev University, many institutes and colleges.

Kiev is a large transport centre. Kiev metro is very beautiful.

Kiev is on the banks of the river Dnieper. The city is very green. It is one of the most beautiful cities of Ukraine.

Ukrainian Verkhovna Rada, president and government are in Kiev. Ambassadors of many countries live in the capital of Ukraine too.

We are proud that our capital is one of the best and oldest cities in the world.

Khreschatyk is the main street in Kiev. It is Читать далее...

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Kernstück des gesamten Zivilprozesses ist die Klage. Die Verbindung mehrerer prozessualer Ansprüche gegen einen bestimmten Beklagten ist zulässig, wenn für sämtliche Ansprüche das Prozeßgericht zuständig ist und dieselbe Prozeßart zulässig ist.

Die Erhebung der Klage geschieht in zwei unterschiedlichen Schritten: Einreichung der Klageschrift bei Gericht und Zustellung der Klage an den Beklagten. Mit Eingang der Klageschrift bei Gericht ist der Rechtsstreit anhängig. Mit erfolgter Zustellung der Klage an den Beklagten gilt die Klage als erhoben der Rechtsstreit wird dadurch rechtshängig (§§253,261 ZPO). Die Klageschrift muß zwingend folgenden Inhalt haben: Bezeichnung der Parteien und des Gerichts, bestimmte Angabe des Gegenstandes und des Grundes des erhobenen Anspruchs, Ankündigung eines bestimmten Antrags, eigenhändige Unterschrift.

Ablauf der mündlichen Verhandlung

Zun&# Читать далее...

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A Swiss-born painter and graphic artist whose personal, often gently humorous works are replete with allusions to dreams, music, and poetry, Paul Klee, b. Dec. 18, 1879, d. June 29, 1940, is difficult to classify.

Primitive art, surrealism, cubism, and children's art all seem blended into his small-scale, delicate paintings, watercolors, and drawings. Klee grew up in a musical family and was himself a violinist. After much hesitation he chose to study art, not music, and he attended the Munich Academy in 1900. There his teacher was the popular symbolist and society painter Franz von STUCK. Klee later toured Italy (1901-02), responding enthusiastically to Early Christian and Byzantine art.

Klee's early works are mostly etchings and pen-and-ink drawings. These combine satirical, grotesque, and surreal elements and reveal the influence of Francisco de Goya and James Ensor, both of whom Klee admired. Two of his best-known etchings, dating from 1903, are Читать далее...

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Тип работы: доклад

Вадим Артамонов

Ведение базы знаний в форме блога

В то время пока ведущие эксперты по блогам носятся с концепциями фото, аудио и видео блогов, есть смысл поговорить о менее эффектной, но более полезной концепции блога - knowledge blogging.  

Knowledge blogging - это ведение базы знаний в форме блога. Такая штука позволяет убить одним бумерангом сразу трех зайцев. Во-первых, посетителю доступна для просмотра и поиска база знаний (которая, к тому же, регулярно пополняется и обновляется). Во-вторых, при регулярном чтении блога можно отслеживать динамику пополнения. А в третьих, можно почитать комментарии посетителей или добавить свой комментарий.

Иначе говоря, knowledge blogging позволяет совместить статическую базу знаний с динамической лентой в разрезе времени и/или рубрик (разделов). Результат такого симбиоза гораздо выше, чем если вести их раздельно.  

Однако, есть одно но - существующие движки для блогов не приспособлены для такого Читать далее...

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Written by: Kuropatkina Serafima



 Kuropatkina S.N.

1.Moving into the future

Knowledge is the thing that makes a difference. It is matter of being better informed than the others, getting ideas before the others, - these are the things that allow some companies to take off and remain leaders for a long time. In the past knowledge and innovations didn't play an important role in company management. The impact of these factors on the competition wasn't very big and obvious. From the second half of 19th century industries and management started to develop rapidly and by the end of 20th century inventions have penetrated all spheres of production, business and human life in general. Competition has dramatically increased, creating the necessity for each company to improve and develop constantly. We are moving into the future where it is not possible to win the game using traditional methods. Читать далее...

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A People and History in Harmony Introduction

In the past two decades, Korea has been one of the fastest developing nations in the world - both in economic and social terms. Rapid industrial and economic growth has seen the Republic nearly reach developed nation status in a remarkably short time. The Korean people also find themselves in the midst of a new era of democratic development following the birth of the civilian Administration of President Kim Young Sam on February 25, 1993. This wiped out the negative legacy of decades of military-backed authoritarian rule. The country has since been implementing bold political and economic reforms to eradicate corruption and revitalize and restructure the economy with the goal of building a New Korea - a mature and vibrant industrial democracy.

This rapid economic and social development has brought Korea increased international exposure and recognition, as the Republic begins to expand its role on the international st Читать далее...

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   In the past two decades, Korea has been one of the fastest developing nations in the world - both in economic and social terms. Rapid industrial and economic growth has seen the Republic nearly reach developed nation status in a remarkably short time. The Korean people also find themselves in the midst of a new era of democratic development following the birth of the civilian Administration of President Kim Young Sam on February 25, 1993. This wiped out the negative legacy of decades of military-backed authoritarian rule. The country has since been implementing bold political and economic reforms to eradicate corruption and revitalize and restructure the economy with the goal of building a New Korea - a mature and vibrant industrial democracy.

   This rapid economic and social development has brought Korea increased international exposure and recognition, as the Republic begins to expand its role on the international stage. Testifying to this was Читать далее...

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Тип работы: сочинение
(1714-1780) Biografija.

Kristijonas Donelaitis gimė pirmąja Naujųjų, 1714, metų dieną Rytų Prūsijoje, Lazdynėlių kaime laisvo valstiečio šeimoje. Yra žinoma, kad, be Kristijono, Donelaičiai turėjo dar 3 sūnus ir 3 dukteris. Naujagimis valstiečio šeimai buvo nauja burna. O ją maitinti nebuvo lengva, nes valstiečiai tuo metu gyveno nepaprastai sunkiai.

Sunkų valstiečių gyvenimą nuo pat vaikystės ant savo kailio patyrė Kristijonas. 1720 metais mirė Kristijono tėvas, o našlė motina liko vargti su septiniais mažamečiais vaikais.

Sunki ekonominė valstiečių padėtis, žiauri socialinė ir nacionalinė priespauda nuo pat vaikystės stipriai paveikė būsimo poeto sąmonę ir skaudino jo širdį visą gyvenimą. Tai atsispindi ir jo gro Читать далее...

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The Kamchatka Peninsula harbors one of the most spectacular volcanically active environments on Earth. Kronotsky Biosphere Zapovednik, abutting the Pacific Ocean in the very northeast of Russia, is so remote that its magnificent Valley of the Geysers was only discovered in the middle of this century. The towering volcanic range of 11 active cones and as many inactive ones permeates the coast, making the nature reserve one of the most geologically dynamic regions in the world. The landscape is warmed from below the Earth's crust and exposed to the wrath of the great Pacific Ocean from the East. The result is a mixture of volcanoes and geysers, tundra and glaciers, transparent lakes and rivers percolating with fish, and dwarfed trees and unruly grasslands. The rugged coastline and protected marine habitat host large colonies of seabirds and marine mammals. Brown bear, caribou, and other large animals roam the wilderness in the remote interior. Kronotsky Zapovednik has be Читать далее...

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Kryzys w Związku Polaków na Bialorusi (Czasopis, Bialystok, Polska)

Юры Гумянюк

Падобна на тое, што адно з самых масавых грамадзкiх аб’яднаньняў — Саюз палякаў Беларусi (СПБ) на сёньняшнi дзень зьяўляецца адначасова i самай скандальнай арганiзацыяй. Бясконцыя разборкi ўнутры кiраўнцтва СПБ, перапалка ў прэсе памiж цяперашнiм старшынём Саюзу палякаў Беларусi Тадэвушам Кручкоўскiм i колiшнiм — Тадэвушам Гавiным, якая больш нагадвае сварку базарных баб, чым здаровую дыскусiю, парушэньне кiраўнiцтвам СПБ падставовых статутных дакумантаў анiяк не спрыняе станоўчаму iмiджу гэтай „культурна-асьветнiцкай” арганiзацыi ў вачох беларускай i польскай грамадзкасьцi.

Масла ў агонь падлiла i 26-гадзiнная галадоўка пратэсту, якую правялі напрыканцы студзеня ў галоўнай сядзiбе Саюзу палякаў Беларусi вэтэраны „polskiego ruchu odrodzeniowego na Grodzieńszczyźnie” — 60-гадовы Станiслаў Пачобут i 70-гадовы Леон Подлях. Да гэтай экстрэмальнай акцыi iх падштурхнула Читать далее...

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Teine maailmasõda oli vaevu lõppenud, kui inimkond sööstis ajstusse, mid võib vabalt pidada Kolmandaks maailmasõjaks, ehkki õige omapäraseks.

Lääneriikide eesmärkide hulgas olid: NL kommunistliku ekspansiooni pidurdamine, Saksamaa tasühendamine NL reziimi likvideerimine Ida-Euroopas. NSVL eesmärgiks oli USA mõju vähendamine Euroopas, sõjas savutatu kindlustamine, maailma revolutsiooni edsiarendamine.

1947.aasta märtsis astus USA president Harry Truman Kongressi ette ning ütles ,et Ameerika Ühendriigid peavad abistama rahvaid, kes osutavad vastupanu orjastamise katsetele. Truman ei maininud kordagi NSVL, kuid kõigil oli selge keda president silmas peab. Seda kõnet loetakse Trumani doktriini e kommunismi pidurdamise poliitika käivitamishetkeks. 1946.aasta märtsis esines USA tipp-poliitikute ees Winston Churchill, kes kutsus üles koondama Читать далее...

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Teine maailmasхda oli vaevu lхppenud, kui inimkond sццstis ajstusse, mid vхib vabalt pidada Kolmandaks maailmasхjaks, ehkki хige omapдraseks.

Lддneriikide eesmдrkide hulgas olid: NL kommunistliku ekspansiooni pidurdamine, Saksamaa tasьhendamine NL reziimi likvideerimine Ida-Euroopas. NSVL eesmдrgiks oli USA mхju vдhendamine Euroopas, sхjas savutatu kindlustamine, maailma revolutsiooni edsiarendamine.

1947.aasta mдrtsis astus USA president Harry Truman Kongressi ette ning ьtles ,et Ameerika Ьhendriigid peavad abistama rahvaid, kes osutavad vastupanu orjastamise katsetele. Truman ei maininud kordagi NSVL, kuid kхigil oli selge keda president silmas peab. Seda kхnet loetakse Trumani doktriini e kommunismi pidurdamise poliitika kдivitamishetkeks. 1946.aasta mдrtsis esines USA tipp-poliitikute ees Winston Churchill, kes kutsus ьles koondama jхude vхitluseks kommunismiohu vastu.Churchili kхnes kхlas esmakordselt mхiste “raudne ees Читать далее...

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Создать МП систему управления настройкой приемника. Упрощенная схема приемника изображена на рис. 1.

Рис 1

Контур приемника состоит из индуктивности Lк и емкости варикапа VD1. Эта емкость зависит от подаваемого на варикап постоянного напряжения Uупр (зависимость обратнопропорциональная). Выделенное контуром ВЧ напряжение Uк детектируется амплитудным детектором (АД) и при настройке на станцию на выходе АД получается сигнал Uвых. Необходимо подключить МПС к приемнику так, чтобы МП измеряя величину Uвых мог воздействовать на варикап с целью настройки входного контура. МПС должна обеспечить:

— точную настройку на заданную станцию (величина рассогласования по частоте не должна превышать 3% от ширины полосы контура 2f,

— поиск станций в диапазоне частот Fmin...Fmax.

1. Описание алгоритма.

Напряжение на контуре детектируется амплитудным детектором Читать далее...

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City of Ventspils

Ventspils is the sixth largest city of Latvia. Latvia is located in the eastern part of Europe by the Baltic Sea. Latvia borders on Estonia to the north, Russian Federation to the east, Belarus to the south-east, and Lithuania to the south. The territory of Latvia occupies 64.6 thousand km2. There are more than 2.5 million inhabitants in Latvia, 55 % of whom are Latvians. The capital of Latvia is Riga.

Ventspils is located in the north-west of Latvia at the estuary of the river Venta into the Baltic Sea. A distance of 189 km separates Ventspils from the capital of Latvia. Transport is the leading sphere of economy and the basis of economic and social development of the city. Most of the residents are employed by the enterprises related to the transshipment, storage and transit of cargoes, as well as by companies servicing Ventspils Free Port.


Car rentalThe city’s car rentals offer cars of different brands and Читать далее...

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